Report litter

If you’ve been reported for littering


Every year more than 20,000 people are reported to EPA for throwing litter out of their vehicle.

In 2002 EPA introduced the following law to the Environmental Act of 1970:

45G. Owners, drivers etc. of vehicles from which litter deposited liable for littering.

1 - If litter is deposited from a vehicle contrary to section 45E, the following are deemed to be guilty of an offence against section 45E –

a) the driver of the vehicle; and
b) the registered owner of the vehicle; and
c) any person authorised by the registered owner to use the vehicle at the time the offence was committed.

When a vehicle is reported to have had litter thrown or dropped litter from it EPA will issue the owner of the vehicle an infringement notice that relates to the description of the item thrown.


What are your options when you’re fined?

  • Pay your infringement notice via the below payment methods by the due date
  • If you are not responsible for the offence you can:
    • Nominate the person responsible, stating their full name and residential address on the EPA’s statutory declaration
    • Dispute the infringement notice in accordance with section 45I(1)(b) by lodging a statutory declaration.
  • Apply, or someone acting on your behalf may apply, to have the decision to serve this notice internally reviewed by EPA Victoria
  • Elect to have the matter of the infringement offence heard and determined in Court, by making a written statement to that affect and serving it on EPA Victoria at the address below:
    EPA Victoria
    GPO Box 4395
    Melbourne Victoria 3001

Statutory declarations

The Evidence Act 1958 governs the use of statutory declarations.

Providing a false statutory declaration is an offence for which significant penalties, including imprisonment, can apply. This law applies to EPA’s litter reporters as well as people completing a statutory declaration to dispute or nominate someone else for a fine.

Download a statutory declaration. The following information must be supplied in a statutory declaration:

1) - The statutory declaration must - 

a) - declare that the person saw another named person deposit the litter and declare - 
i - the address of that person, or;
ii - that the person does not know the address of that person and the reasons why the person does not know the address; or;

b) - declare - 
i - that the person did not deposit the litter; and
ii - that the person did not see who deposited the litter; and
iii - the name and address (if known) of any person who was in or near the vehicle at the time the litter was deposited.

2) - A statutory declaration that complies with this section is admissible in any proceedings as evidence of the matters stated in it. EPA cannot accept copies or photocopies of Statutory Declarations, please supply the original hardcopy completed and signed by the notice recipient as well as signed by an authorised witness.


Q and A on paying fines + Expand all Collapse all

  • How can I pay my fine?

    You can pay your fine by three methods:

    In person: Phone: Bpay:
    Pay your fine at any post office Call EPA Victoria on 1300 372 842 between 9am and 5pm weekdays to pay your fine using Mastercard or Visa. Use the reference number on your infringement Pay this fine via your Internet banking provider or phone banking

    Biller Code: 150714
    Ref: 454027830

  • I can't afford to pay in one instalment - do you have a payment plan?

    You may be eligible for a payment plan in accordance with the Infringement Act 2006. To find out if you are eligible please call and speak with our friendly customer support team on 1300 EPA VIC (1300 372 842).

    Part payments may be made provided the full amount is received by the due date or negotiated otherwise with EPA’s litter team.

    Small and large unlit items Burning items
    This includes unlit cigarette butts, paper wrappers, fast food packaging, drink containers and cigarette packets. This includes but isn't limited to items such as lit cigarettes and matches.
    $295 $590
  • How do I apply for an internal review to be conducted?

    If you would like to request an internal review you, or someone acting on your behalf, may apply to have the decision to serve this notice reviewed internally. You must state that you would like the matter reviewed on the grounds that the infringement you have received is:

        1 - Contrary to law
        2 - Mistake of identity
        3 - Special circumstances
        4 - Exception circumstances.

    Internal reviews can be requested by calling 1300 EPA VIC (1300 372 842) or by writing to EPA Victoria at:

    EPA Victoria
    GPO Box 4395
    Melbourne Victoria 3001

  • My passenger threw the item - how do I nominate someone else?

    If you are not personally responsible but you saw one of your passengers throw the item you can complete a statutory declaration provided on this page.

    You must supply the passenger’s full name and residential address. The infringement will then be re-issued in the name of your passenger.

    If you don’t know your passenger’s address you must provide reasons why.

  • How does EPA issue litter infringements?

    There are over 50,000 people that have registered to report litter to EPA – these reporters are members of the general public that have committed to being EPA’s eyes and ears – reporting littering from motor vehicles when they see it.

    When anyone sees someone throw or drop litter from their vehicle they have the right to report the offence to EPA. They are asked to provide a description of the vehicle providing; the registration number, colour, vehicle model and vehicle make. They also need to describe the litter and a description of the person who threw the litter.

    With this information, EPA verifies if the report of the vehicle is accurate by cross checking it with the VicRoads database – much like the police do. If 4 of the 5 vehicle details are correct there is deemed that EPA has enough information to issue an infringement to the owner of the vehicle in accordance to the EP Act.

  • Who has reported me?

    EPA litter reporters are members of the general public. EPA is bound by the privacy laws and therefore cannot reveal the identity of the person who reported you. These privacy laws also prevent people who receive a litter infringement being identified to the litter reporter.

    The only time in which a litter reporter’s identity will be revealed is if the matter is taken to the Magistrates Court.

  • How do I find out more details about the litter report?

    The details for your litter report are contained on the litter infringement, these include; date, time, location, offence, offence description and vehicle registration. If you would like to know if more detail was provided by the reporter please call 1300 EPA VIC (1300 372 842).

Litter fines + Expand all Collapse all

  • What are the fines for throwing litter from a vehicle?

    Fines for throwing litter from a car are:

    Small and large unlit items Burning items

    This includes unlit cigarette butts, paper wrappers, fast food packaging, drink containers and cigarette packets.

    This includes but isn't limited to items such as lit cigarettes and matches.

    $295 $590

Page last updated on 11 Aug 2014