During a fire, listen to your local emergency radio station or visit www.emergency.vic.gov.au for regular updates on air quality and what you should do.
During smoky conditions, avoid physical outdoor exercise or heavy physical activity. People with an existing heart or lung condition should rest as much as possible.
If you are not under threat from a fire, stay indoors away from the smoke. Keep windows and doors closed.
If it is hot and you operate an air-conditioner, switch it to ‘recirculate’ or ‘reuse air’. This limits the amount of smoke particles coming inside.
If your home is uncomfortable, and it is safe to do so, consider taking a break away from the smoke. Visit an area not affected by the smoke or visit a local air-conditioned building such as a library, community centre or shopping centre.
If it is safe to do so, check on elderly neighbours or other people who you think might need extra help.
Although too large to breathe into the lungs, ash particles may get in the eyes, nose or throat and cause local irritation. These effects should resolve quickly; if not, seek medical advice.
If you come into contact with ash, wash it off your hands, face and neck as needed. If ash gets in your eyes, gently wash it out with clean water.
Practice good hygiene – wipe down surfaces with soap and water.