This page relates to EPA’s policies and tools under the Environment Protection Act 1970. To find out about EPA’s compliance and enforcement role under the Environment Protection Act 2017, which is intended to come into effect on 1 July 2021, visit the compliance and enforcement page.

EPA’s Compliance and enforcement policy (publication 1388) was first released in 2011 in direct response to recommendations from the Compliance and Enforcement Review undertaken in late 2010.

All effective regulators are backed by clear-cut policies regarding the two basic regulatory functions of compliance and enforcement.

The Policy provides EPA with the framework to be able to say to business and the community when it will and will not do things – it is essentially a rule book on how EPA will exercise its discretion around compliance and enforcement.

As a result of the Policy, EPA’s actions will be more consistent and predictable. Business and the community will know what to expect from EPA.

Since the Compliance and enforcement policy was released, EPA has published the following subordinate policies and guidelines:

Read next

Compliance and enforcement under the 1970 Act 

Enforceable undertakings

Authorised officer powers


Notices of contravention

Infringement notices


Remedial notices and directions

Compliance and Enforcement Review


This page was copied from EPA's old website. It was last updated on 2 January 2018.

Reviewed 18 August 2020