Information on this page is not current law. It details new laws that commence on 1 July 2021 under the Environment Protection Act 2017.

Under the Environment Protection Act 2017 (the Act) councils continue to play a key role in preventing litter and waste crimes, such as illegal dumping.  

As litter authorities, councils can appoint litter enforcement officers. Litter enforcement officers who were appointed under the previous Act don’t need to be re-appointed. 

What litter enforcement officers can do

Litter enforcement officers can: 

  • investigate and take enforcement action for certain litter and waste offences. This includes issuing notices
  • issue fines and start court proceedings for relevant litter and waste offences. 

Other land managers, such as Parks Victoria and water authorities, have similar powers under the Act.  

Regulating litter and other waste toolkit

EPA has worked closely with council officers to develop the Regulating litter and other waste: toolkit (publication 1927). This replaces an earlier version and explains the new litter and waste laws under the Act and Regulations.

The toolkit covers the role of litter authorities and litter enforcement officers. It explains the powers and regulatory tools available to investigate and act against individuals or business who litter or dump waste.

The toolkit introduces strategies to prevent and reduce litter and the illegal dumping of waste. It also includes tips for investigating litter and dumping, along with useful case studies.

Read more


Reviewed 15 December 2020