The subordinate legislation – the Environment Protection Regulations and Environment Reference Standard – has been made by the Governor in Council and came into effect on 1 July 2021 with the Act.

If your business generates, transports or receives industrial waste, you have duties:

  • to manage the waste and where it goes to.

Industrial waste includes waste from:

  • commercial, industrial and trade activities, or from laboratories   
  • household waste once it is gathered at a waste facility (for example transfer station, landfill) 
  • accommodation, cafes and restaurants 
  • building and road construction, renovations, demolitions and repairs 
  • primary industries including agriculture, forestry and fishing.

We will apply strict penalties if you:

  • dump or abandon industrial waste 
  • don’t check your waste will be managed appropriately, when you provide it to others.  

Industry obligations

Duties if you provide industrial waste to others 

  • You must take reasonable steps to identify and classify your waste. 
  • You must take all reasonable steps to make sure your waste is taken to a lawful place. For example, by engaging a reputable contractor to transport and dispose of your waste.
  • If your business produces industrial waste and you are going to give this waste to others, either for disposal or resource recovery, there are specific requirements you must meet.

Duties if you deposit industrial waste

If you deposit, or dispose of industrial waste, it must be at a ‘lawful place’. This includes sorting, recovery and disposal facilities. If you receive or deposit industrial waste, it is your responsibility to know whether it is a lawful place.

Duties if you receive industrial waste

If you receive industrial waste, you must be a lawful place.  

Duties if you deal with ‘priority’ industrial waste

If you are dealing with a ‘priority’ waste, which covers hazardous wastes, you have additional duties.  

How to manage industrial waste

To meet the waste duties, businesses must: 

  • take reasonable steps to identify and classify the waste  
  • provide the next person handling the waste with enough information to transport it to a lawful place  
  • verify that the place receiving the waste is a lawful place 
  • not deposit the waste at a lawful place without consent from the permission holder, or manager of the premises.  

Your ‘reasonable steps’ may be different depending on the type of waste and its risk of mismanagement and dumping. Higher risk wastes require more attention and verification. 

Read more about:

  • Classification. Industrial waste must be identified and classified. This makes it clear what duties apply to the management of the waste. 
  • Transportation. You must contain your waste safely during transport. Some wastes have specific containment, isolation, vehicle permission and tracking requirements. 
  • Lawful place. Industrial waste may only go a lawful place.  

What is a lawful place?

There are several ways for a place to be a lawful place. These are proportionate to the level of risk. These include places:

  • authorised by a permission (link to Permissions page to be uploaded) to undertake resource recovery or landfill disposal activities 
  • using waste in a low-risk activity deemed to be a lawful place by the Regulations 

A wide range of waste recovery activities will need to hold a permission (licence, permit or registration) to become a lawful place. This includes waste and resource recovery activities as well as disposal to landfill. Resource recovery means it can be recycled, repurposed or used in a different way. 


Mismanagement of industrial waste is a serious issue and one of our key priorities.  

The penalties we impose reflect the significance of waste crime issues. Courts may impose a maximum of 10,000 penalty units on businesses who breach their duties and 2,000 penalty units on individuals.

There are also offences available to tackle repeat offenders and directors of companies involved in waste crime, including imprisonment.

Read next

Find out about lawful place

Find out about declaration of use

Find out about priority waste

Find out about reportable priority waste

Reviewed 25 May 2021