This includes: 

Littering and the law

It’s against the law to litter from a car or vehicle. You're also responsible if one of your passengers litters from your vehicle.

If someone reports that there has been littering from your vehicle, EPA will investigate and can take action.

We may send you an infringement notice. This is a fine that you either:

  • pay
  • dispute (if the offence happened before 1 July 2021)
  • nominate the responsible person.

Examples of littering fines are:

  • individual – $363 for a small piece of litter or $727 for a lit cigarette or burning litter
  • corporation – $1817 for a small piece of litter or $3635 for a lit cigarette or burning litter.

How to pay your vehicle littering fine

You must pay your fine before the due date on your infringement notice to avoid further fees.

Pay online

You can pay online for infringements with offence dates after 1 July 2021.

Pay in person

Pay your fine at any post office.

Pay by phone

Call 1300 372 842 (Monday to Friday, 9am to 5pm) to pay your fine by phone.

You can pay using Mastercard or Visa. You’ll need to give us your infringement number. You’ll find this on your infringement notice.

Pay with internet or phone banking

You can pay your fine using internet or phone banking (BPAY).

  • Biller code: 150714
  • Reference: 45 followed by your infringement number.

If you can’t afford your vehicle littering fine

Call EPA on 1300 372 842 to find out if you are eligible for a payment plan.

How to dispute a vehicle littering fine

If you didn't commit the offence, you have several options to deal with your vehicle littering fine.

For offences alleged to have happened before 1 July 2021

If you’re not responsible for the vehicle littering, you can send us a nomination statutory declaration.

A nomination statutory declaration is a legal document where you can tell us (nominate) either:

  • who littered from your vehicle, or
  • who was responsible for your vehicle at the time. For example, if you loaned your car to someone else when the littering happened.

You must give us the person’s full name and residential address. We’ll reissue the fine to the person you name. If you don’t know the person’s address, you must give us reasons why.

You can also use a dispute statutory declaration form to provide a detailed statement about why you are not responsible, and why you can’t name who is responsible under section 45I of the Environment Protection Act 1970.

To send us a nomination statutory declaration or a dispute statutory declaration, fill out the relevant form.

NOTE: Due to coronavirus, please send internal review applications by email where possible.  NOTE, due to coronavirus:

  • please send statutory declarations by email where possible
  • statutory declarations can be witnessed remotely. Instead of meeting in person, you can arrange to ‘appear before’ the witness by audio-visual link. The Department of Justice and Community Safety website has more information.

For offences alleged to have happened after 1 July 2021

If you’re not responsible for the littering from your vehicle, you can send us a nomination statutory declaration and tell us:

  • who you saw litter

or

  • who was in or near the vehicle at the time the litter was deposited

or

  • who was responsible for your vehicle at the time. For example, if you had loaned your car to someone else when the littering happened.

You must give us the person’s full name and current residential address. We’ll reissue the fine to the person you name.

Email a scanned copy of your nomination statutory declaration to contact@epa.vic.gov.au.

Or you can post your nomination statutory declaration to:

EPA Victoria
GPO Box 4395
Melbourne VIC 3001

It’s against the law to send us a statutory declaration with false or misleading information.

NOTE, due to coronavirus:

  • please send statutory declarations by email where possible
  • statutory declarations can be witnessed remotely. Instead of meeting in person, you can arrange to ‘appear before’ the witness by audio-visual link. See the Department of Justice and Community Safety website for more information.

Apply for an internal review

You may be able to apply for an internal review of your littering fine. For example, because:

  • the littering didn’t happen
  • of mistaken identity
  • you littered because of a medical emergency
  • have an intellectual disability, are addicted to drugs or alcohol, are homeless or are experiencing family violence.

The grounds for internal review fact sheet gives more information about the reasons why you may be able to apply for an internal review.

To apply, fill out the application for internal review.

Email a scanned copy of your application for internal review to contact@epa.vic.gov.au.

Or, you can post it to:

EPA Victoria
GPO Box 4395
Melbourne VIC 3001

You must give us evidence to support your application.

NOTE: Due to coronavirus, please send internal review applications by email where possible.

Ask to take your fine to court

You can ask for your fine to be heard at court. This is so a magistrate or judge can decide what happens.

To ask for the fine to be taken to court, send an email to contact@epa.vic.gov.au or write to us at:

EPA Victoria
GPO Box 4395
Melbourne VIC 3001

If it’s not safe to name the person who littered from the vehicle

If you can’t name the person who littered because of family violence, Fines Victoria may be able to withdraw your fine.

To find out if you can get your fine withdrawn, you can either:

The Orange Door gives guidance on clearing your browser history.

If you don’t pay or dispute your vehicle littering fine

You must pay or dispute your litter fine. If you don’t, you may have to pay a penalty reminder notice fee.

You may be able to apply for an internal review if you didn’t know we fined you. For example, you were overseas, in hospital or changed your address.

You must apply for an internal review within 14 days of finding out about your infringement notice.

If we withdraw your penalty reminder notice fee, you still need to pay the original vehicle littering fine.

Read more about vehicle littering 

How to report littering from cars and vehicles

EPA’s litter reporting statistics

Reviewed 21 July 2021