If you do not need to be in the area, stay away from a bushfire. Visit www.emergency.vic.gov.au for updates on air quality and other advice.
If you live or work close to the fire and it is smoky, reduce physical outdoor exercise or heavy physical activity. People with an existing heart or lung condition should rest as much as possible.
If you are not under threat from a fire, stay indoors away from the smoke where possible. Keep windows and doors closed.
When indoors, minimise other sources of air pollution, such as cigarette smoke, burning candles, using unflued gas appliances or woodstoves or stirring up fine dust from sweeping or vacuuming.
If it is hot and you operate an air-conditioner, switch it to ‘recirculate’ or ‘reuse air’. This limits the amount of smoke particles coming inside.
If you do not have an air conditioner, take steps to reduce heat stress, especially for the very young, people who are unwell, or the elderly. Information on staying healthy in the heat is available at: www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/campaigns/survive-the-heat
If your home is uncomfortable, and it is safe to do so, consider taking a break away from the smoke. Visit an area not affected by the smoke or visit a local air-conditioned building such as a library, community centre or shopping centre.
If it is safe to do so, check on elderly neighbours or other people who you think might need extra help.
During extended, very smoky conditions, sensitive individuals should consider temporarily staying with a friend or relative living outside the smoke-affected area. Outdoor sporting events may also be postponed by event organisers.