EPA uses a risk-based approach to identify where there may be adverse impacts on water bodies. If a risk to the water environment is identified, action should be taken to address that risk.

This approach is increasingly being adopted by environmental agencies and research bodies. It includes ecosystem variability and complexity in the evaluation of adverse ecological effects. For example, this approach has been adopted in the Australian and New Zealand guidelines for fresh and marine water quality. The Victorian Government endorsed the Australian water quality guidelines.

EPA used this risk-based approach as the basis for the environmental quality objectives in the State Environment Protection Policy (Waters). These objectives set the level of environmental quality required to protect aquatic ecosystems. If the objectives are not met, it signals a potential risk to the ecosystem, which is then investigated using the risk-based approach.

For more information:

Read next

About water

Victoria's water environments

How EPA protects Victoria's waters

Point and non-point sources of water pollution

EPA's regulatory controls to protect Victoria's waters

How EPA monitors Victoria's water quality

About stormwater

About wastewater

Alternative water supplies and their use

Preventing water pollution: guidance for businesses


This page was copied from EPA's old website. It was last updated on 29 October 2014.

Reviewed 20 August 2021