EPA's tools and powers
Find out about the powers and legal tools EPA uses to protect the environment.
EPA uses different tools and powers to support, guide and direct duty holders to meet their obligations. As well as our role in ensuring compliance through remedial instruments and sanctions, we may:
Our General standards policy (publication 1983) provides an overview of these instruments and tools and the high-level approach to developing and using the best one to address a problem.
Many of these tools are issued in line with our Compliance and enforcement policy (publication 1798) and regulatory approach. Others are for complex and emerging environmental challenges and will be explored over time.
Reviewed 30 June 2021