EPA's tools and powers
Find out about the powers and legal tools EPA uses to protect the environment.
Information on this page is not current law. It details new laws that commence on 1 July 2021 under the amended Environment Protection Act 2017.
EPA uses different tools and powers to support, guide and direct duty holders to meet their obligations. As well as our role in ensuring compliance through remedial instruments and sanctions, we may:
Many of these tools are issued in line with our draft Compliance and enforcement policy (publication 1798) and regulatory approach. Others are for complex and emerging environmental challenges and will be explored over time.
Reviewed 5 October 2020